STIs SCREENING

What are Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Screenings

Many Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) do not show any signs or symptoms in the majority of those infected. Therefore, the only sure way to know if you have an STI is to go for an STI screening, especially if you are sexually active and have engaged in any high risk sexual activity (such as having unprotected sex with a new partner). An annual medical check-up is not the same as an STI test as these check-ups do not usually include any tests for STIs. These may involve blood tests, urine tests as well as swabs taken from various parts of the body.

How is a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Screening done in Singapore and who should get it?

The type of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Screening done depends on the sexual history and risk behaviour of the individual being screened. The risk of a patient having a particular STI depends on the type of sexual behaviour that has occurred (such as unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse) and the likelihood of their partner or partners having an STI. Getting tested can be quick and easy. Depending on what the patient is being tested for, your doctor may take a blood sample, a swab, or a urine sample.
Below is a table listing the most common STIs being screened in Thomson Specialist Skin Centre and who should be tested for them –

Sexually Transmitted InfectionPatientType of Screening
ChlamydiaAll males and females currently sexually active; especially those with multiple sexual partners or new partnersSwab of genital area or urine sample. (Anal swabs will be done if patient has had anal sex).
GonorrhoeaAll males and females currently sexually active; especially those with multiple sexual partners or new partnersSwab of genital area or urine sample. (Anal or oral swabs will be done if patient has had anal or oral sex).
HIVAll adults, especially sexually active gays and/or bisexuals Blood test
Genital herpes (no symptoms)All males and females currently sexually active; especially those with multiple sexual partners or new partnersBlood test (indicates prior exposure and not usually used in acute diagnosis)
Genital herpes (with symptoms)Sexually active adults showing symptoms such as nausea, fever, painful urination and itching, burning sensation with blisters near genitals and genital soresSwab of affected area
SyphilisAll pregnant women; all sexually active malesBlood test
TrichomonasAll males and females currently sexually active; especially those with multiple sexual partners or new partnersSwab of infected area, physical examination or obtaining a sample of the discharge.
HPV (genital warts)Males and females who have genital wartsVisual examination and diagnosis or biopsy of wart
HPV (cervical cancer)All sexually active adult females above the age of 25Pap smear test followed by biopsy if abnormal test results. Screening should be done once every 3 years until the age of 65

If you’ve had unprotected sex, have a new sexual partner, or multiple sexual partners, or suspect that you have been exposed to an STI, contact Thomson Specialist Skin Centre to book an appointment with us for a consult and screening of the following common STIs – chlamydia, gonorrhoea, HIV, herpes, HPV, syphilis and trichomoniasis.

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