Aesthetic or cosmetic dermatology is focussed on protecting, maintaining and restoring skin health and appearance using medical treatments. It involves the treatment of a variety of conditions including acne scars, age spots, facial and spider veins, milia, pigmentation, wrinkles and unwanted hair. Its primary purpose is to improve a person’s appearance by reducing or eliminating imperfections. The majority of these imperfections are related to the skin, in particular the face, while a few treatments address the nails, scalp and hair.

Some forms of aesthetic dermatology may address chronic skin conditions such as eczema and acne. These can be treated via chemical peels or light therapy. Other skin conditions such as spider veins can be removed via laser treatments. Botox injections are a common cosmetic procedure to address signs of ageing, such as multiple fine lines or wrinkles.

The skin suffers from wear and tear with use and with time. The causes of wear and tear can be divided into intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic wear and tear occurs with the passage of time and varies according to the person’s genetic factors. Extrinsic wear and tear occurs through exposure to external factors such as Sun exposure, smoking and environmental pollution. Aesthetic dermatology treatments emphasise on restoring the health and appearance of the skin that occurs through both intrinsic and extrinsic wear and tear.

Acne scars are primarily a cosmetic concern and do not worsen without treatment. However if active acne is present and no action is taken to correct it, there will be an increase in the severity and amount of acne scarring. There are various types of acne scars, and different modalities may be employed to address them.
The term ‘age spots’, or lentigines, refers to the brownish spots that, over time appear on your face and body as a result of overexposure to the sun. As we age, our skin is subjected to more sun damage. Our skin has what is called ‘melanin pigment’ which absorbs sunlight and helps naturally protect our skin from UV rays.
Botox is a non-surgical cosmetic treatment for moderate to severe frown lines. It is typically used in people aged 18 to 65. Botox works by blocking nerve transmission to temporarily reduce the contractions of the facial muscles that cause frown lines. It has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment for wrinkles, and botox injections are becoming increasingly popular.
A Cosmetic Peel involves the application of a chemical solution to remove the outer layer of the skin for treatment of fine lines and wrinkles, orange peel skin, keratosis, uneven pigmentation and mild acne scarring.
Excision of moles, epidermal cysts and other benign skin lesions can be performed on any part of the body. A mole or other skin lesion that seems atypical, changes in size and appearance, bleeds, is asymmetrical, is not uniform in colour, or has irregular edges should be examined by an experienced doctor for early diagnosis and treatment.
Facial and Spider Veins may be reduced using IPL and laser therapy.
Excessive/unwanted hair can be reduced and removed using laser hair removal. Multiple sessions are often required but a long term reduction of hair growth is achievable.
A milium, also called a milk spot or an oil seed, a keratin-filled cyst that can appear just under the epidermis or on the roof of the mouth. Milia are commonly associated with newborn babies but can appear on people of all ages.
Skin pigmentation disorders affect the colour of your skin. Skin cells give your skin colour by making a substance called melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Many patients are distressed by facial pigmentary disorders. Treatments may consist of creams as well as intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy or laser therapy.
A seborrhoeic keratosis is a non-cancerous benign skin growth that originates in keratinocytes. Like liver spots, seborrhoeic keratoses are seen more often as people age. In fact, they are sometimes humorously referred to as the “barnacles of old age”.
Skin rejuvenation and resurfacing can be achieved in a number of ways, ranging from laser, light and other energy-based treatments to chemical peels and other non-ablative methods.
A skin tag is a small benign tumour that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpit, and groin. They may also occur on the face, usually on the eyelids. Skin tags are harmless and typically painless, and do not grow or change over time. Though tags up to a half-inch long have been seen, they are typically the size of a grain of rice.
Syringomas are harmless sweat duct tumours, typically found clustered on eyelids, although they may also be found in the armpits, umbilicus, or vulva. They are skin-coloured or yellowish firm rounded bumps and measures 1-3 mm in diameter.
Black and red tattoos can be removed using laser therapy. Multiple sessions are required.
Photorejuvenation may reduce the appearance of fine wrinkles. Fractional carbon dioxide lasers can also be used. Dynamic wrinkles (those caused by movement, such as frowning or smiling) can be reduced using Botox injections.
Fillers can help erase tired facial lines, giving you a natural and refreshed appearance instantly!